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ERIC Number: ED246380
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Pages: 29
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Cognition and Rationality.
Shaughnessy, Michael F.
This paper reviews the main research in the area of human reasoning and rational thinking to determine if man is either an "innately inefficient thinking machine" or if man's irrationality is "rooted in basic human nature," as Ellis (1976) suggests. The paper focuses on the work of two English theorists, Wason and Johnson-Laird, and two American psychologists, Tversky and Kahneman. Emphasis is placed on implications for improving the ability to think and reason in a rational and logical fashion. A number of experiments are reviewed, dealing with decision making, problem solving, psychotherapy, creativity, risk, prediction, generalization, and rational emotive therapy. Some general conclusions are drawn, suggesting that most people tend to think simplistically, to make choices without considering all the variables and all of the information, and to ignore long term goals. (JAC)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Rationality
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Rocky Mountain Psychological Association (Las Vegas, NV, April 25-28, 1984).