ERIC Number: ED246345
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Physical Attractiveness: Its Influence on the Perceptions of Counselors.
Sanders, Connie H.; Borowy, Thomas D.
Research has shown that a client's positive views of a counselor enhance commitment to treatment, positive outcome expectancies, and receptivity to counselor influence. To examine the impact of counselor gender and physical attractiveness on perceived counselor effectiveness, 60 college students evaluated male and female counselors on 15 variables after hearing a tape recording of a counselor self-introduction paired with an attractive or unattractive photograph. Two control groups heard the tape but were not shown the photographs. An analysis of the results showed that attractive counselors were perceived as significantly more decisive, interesting, caring, open-minded, likeable, and better adjusted than the unattractive counselors. Female counselors were seen as more competent, interesting, likeable, well-adjusted, understanding, considerate, and easier to confide in than male counselors across levels of attractiveness. The findings suggest that physical attractiveness mediates initial impressions in an introductory counseling analogue situation. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Physical Attractiveness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).