ERIC Number: ED246340
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Women's Sense of Self and Life Choices: A Study of Mother-Daughter Relationships.
Sholomskas, Diane; Axelrod, Rosalind
To investigate the relationship of women's role choices, role satisfaction, and self-esteem to their perceptions of their earlier relationship with their mothers and to their perceptions of their mothers' roles and role satisfaction, 67 women between the ages of 28 and 38, married and college educated with preschool children, participated in this study. Women's role choices and aspects of their current life were assesed via interview. In addition, the women completed a self-report packet containing the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, a retrospective questionnaire about the mother in her various roles, and the Children's Report of Parental Behavior Inventory. Results indicated that the women's primary role decision of career, work, or homemaking did not parallel those of their mothers, but was related to their mothers' messages to them. Career women and women at home reported having more choice in their decisions than did working women. Further, the career women's choices were more often influenced by teachers, especially female teachers. Finally, women's self-esteem and role satisfaction were significantly enhanced when the relationship with the mother was perceived as loving and accepting, with low hostility and low psychological control. In contrast, women's self-esteem and role satisfaction were generally unrelated to the retrospective reports of the mothers' roles and role satisfaction. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Role Satisfaction
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (54th, Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).