ERIC Number: ED246339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
An Empirical Evaluation of Ellis' Rational Emotive Theory.
Wright, Loyd S.; Couch, R. David
Ellis' rational emotive theory is based on the assumption that people are born with a potential for both rational and irrational thinking. To analyze the relationship of irrational beliefs to sensitivity, depression, submission, anxiety, and neuroticism, an Irrationality Scale, containing eight irrational beliefs, was constructed from a review of Ellis' writings. This scale along with the Neuroticism Scale Questionnaire (NSQ) was given to 600 college students. An analysis of the results showed no significant relationship between argeement with any of the irrational beliefs and the sensitivity, depression, and submission scores on the NSQ. However, significant relationships were found between six of the eight irrational beliefs and anxiety, and between irrational belief number eight ("I should be treated fairly. When I am not, I cannot bear it") and neuroticism. Overall, irrationality was significantly related to anxiety, depression, and neuroticism as measured by the NSQ. These findings support Ellis' theory. As an extension of these findings future research should focus on beliefs which are linked to emotional health and growth. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Irrationality; Neuroticism Scale Questionnaire
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (30th, New Oleans, LA, April 19-21, 1984).