ERIC Number: ED246326
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
A Sex Roles Instrument Based on Everyday Activities.
Fleming, James S.; And Others
Studies of sex roles and their relationship to behavioral and personality variables have abounded since Bem published her original theory of androgyny (1974). To examine different kinds of sex roles, 256 college students (191 females, 65 males), with a median age of 18.4 years, completed the Activities Inventory. The Inventory is based on self-perceptions of the frequency of everyday behaviors rather than on endorsement of descriptive traits. Subjects also completed the Spence-Helmreich-Stapp Personal Attributes Questionnaire and the Attitude Toward Women Scale to correlate item endorsement with several different criteria for sex typing (sex, instrumental or expressive sex role, and traditional/liberal attitude toward women). A factor analysis of the Activities Inventory revealed five factors for women (the number of men was too small for factor analysis): Feminine Leisure Activities, Relating to Significant Other, Masculine Activities, Religiosity, and Home Care. Based on the relation of factors to other variables, it was concluded that all except religiosity represented behavior roles that can be called sex roles. Additional research should focus on developing the factors for a larger group of men, and prediction of other criteria of interest to sex role researchers. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Activities Inventory
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (64th, Los Angeles, CA, April 5-8, 1984).