ERIC Number: ED246322
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Personality Differences and Sex Similarities in American and Indonesian College Students.
Hadiyono, Johana E. P.; Kahn, Marvin W.
To determine if personality characteristics reflect influences of culture, while sex differences remain similar across cultures, 100 Indonesian and 100 American college students completed the Cattell Clinical Analysis Questionnaire, in the appropriate language. An analysis of the results showed that females in both cultures were higher than males on sensitivity, conformity, and shrewdness, and males were higher than females on stability, dominance, impulsiveness and radicalness. Overall comparison showed Americans significantly higher on emotional stability, dominance, impulsiveness, forthrightness and radicalism, compared to Indonesians who were significantly higher on submissiveness, emotionality, shrewdness, and practicality. American females were higher than Indonesian females on stability, dominance, boldness, and forthrightness, and significantly less submissive, prudent, timid and conservative. American males compared to Indonesian males were higher on stability, dominance, impulsiveness and radicalism. The American students reflected traits which were consistent with United States values, such as independence and material success. Indonesian students reflected traits consistent with deference to family and utilitarian values. The male-female differences were the same for both cultures, suggesting the existence of certain personality similarities based on sex, despite differences based on culture. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (64th, Los Angeles, CA, April 5-8, 1984).