ERIC Number: ED246152
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Language and Literacy: An Overview of Policies and Programs in Five OECD Member Countries.
Rist, Ray C.
This paper describes the results of a study conducted by the Center for Educational Research and Innovation regarding language policies and programs in five countries which belong to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development: Canada, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, and West Germany. Part I explains the study's focus on language diversity and how it is addressed within the educational systems of the countries studied. It is assumed that the role ascribed to language is a key one to a better understanding of the position of various cultural groups in a society. The study methodology and content are described. (A set of simultaneous case studies were taken, each developed according to a common frame of reference.) Part II discusses the distinctions drawn between each country for the purpose of analysis: historical and ecological considerations; geographical boundedness versus dispersal; time the special population has been within the national boundaries; government policy on culture and language; the permanence/impermanence of the language/cultural minority group; and governmental policymaking (centralized versus decentralized). In Part III, the data from all five countries are analyzed collectively in relation to three themes--organization, finance, and governance. A postscript reiterates that language and literacy policies accurately reflect social and political conditions. A concluding section recommends areas for further study. (KH)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Cultural Pluralism, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Ethnic Groups, Foreign Countries, Governance, Government Role, Immigrants, Indigenous Populations, Language Planning, Literacy Education, Minority Groups, Multicultural Education, Public Policy
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Centre for Educational Research and Innovation.
Identifiers: Canada; France; Spain; United Kingdom; West Germany
Note: Paper prepared in connection with the OECD/CERI Project on the "Financing, Organization and Governance of Education for Special Populations."