ERIC Number: ED245983
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Sex Differences in Self-Concept and Self-Esteem for Mathematically Precocious Adolescents.
Mills, Carol J.
Mathematically precocious adolescents were studied in order to identify sex differences in self-concept/self-esteem which exist at a stage when intellectual differences are emerging. Subjects were 166 males and 68 females, ages 12-15 years, enrolled in a summer residential program for talented youth. Mean SATM scores for the experimental population were 605 (males) and 575 (females). Students completed a battery of self-report personality tests, including the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), which ascertains a person's preference for thinking or feeling and for introverted or extroverted activity; the Adjective Check List (ACL); the Self-Esteem Checklist; and the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI). A large number of these math-gifted boys and girls had significantly different preferences for taking in, evaluating, and using information. A connection between thinking preferences and math ability and between social activities and math ability was indicated for girls. High math ability girls tended to be socially introverted and "thinking" types when compared to normal ability girls of the same age. The question is raised of whether these social tendencies may widen the gap between males and females in the use of their abilities, i.e., whether the tendencies may affect the decision to pursue math careers. Tables provide information on several of the tests performed. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).