ERIC Number: ED245952
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Contextual Information Effects on the Categorization of Differences among Photographs.
Desmond, Kathleen Kadon; Koroscik, Judith Smith
The effect of verbal contextual information on junior high school students' categorization of differences among photographic art was examined. Photographs of varying levels of abstraction were presented to the viewers both with and without correct and erroneous titles that referred to descriptive or interpretive information. Twelve students enrolled in a summer arts institute for gifted and talented were asked to consider photographs and accompanying titles as if they were analogous to various types of language statements: descriptive, explanatory, interpretive, ethically evaluative, aesthetically evaluative, and theoretical. Results indicated that the abstraction level of photographs and the nature of contextual information does influence viewers' categorizations. Such findings suggest that the processing of photographs is enriched by the availability of informational cues that provide an interpretive framework. The more concrete the cues, the more useful they are. Subsequent research might examine these effects further by manipulating the amount of contextual information beyond the mere presentation of photographs with and without titles. (Author/RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Barrett Taxonomy; Titles
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).