ERIC Number: ED245936
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Feb
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Sex and Ability on Performance in Mathematics Skill Areas.
Loyd, Brenda H.; Sebastian, Ken
It has been suggested that males perform better than females in mathematics after ninth grade because more males than females enroll in advanced mathematics courses in high school. However, factors other than enrollment may be involved. Therefore, this study investigated whether the performance of males (B=500) and females (N=500) was different in each of four content areas (arithmetic operations and reasoning, beginning algebra, geometry, and advanced algebra) and whether the performance of these students was differentially affected by their ability level in each of the four content areas. Achievements in the four areas was determined from 30 mathematics items administered to the students as part of the regular administration of the American College Testing Program (ACT) assessment. Four ability levels were also established based on the scaled total score of the ACT assessment. Although the results of the study present a somewhat mixed picture, they raise the possibility that overall performance on mathematics achievement scores for males and females may be related to the content area from which items are drawn. However, further study is needed to substantiate these findings and clarify reasons for differences between males and females in mathematics. (JN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: American College Testing Program; Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Educational Research Association (West Palm Beach, FL, February, 1984).