ERIC Number: ED245935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Sex, Ability, and Item Type on Mathematics Performance.
Loyd, Brenda H.
This study determined if overall mathematics performance of male and female students was: (1) different within each of six content areas; (2) differentially affected by ability grouping within each of the six content areas; and (3) differentially affected by the combination of ability grouping and grade level within each of the six content areas. Subjects were 963 students from grade 3 (N=241), grade 4 (N=245), grade 5 (N=260), and grade 6 (N=217). All subjects took a 45-item, multiple-choice test measuring concepts in six categories: numeration and number systems; equations and inequalities; whole numbers; fractions; decimals, currency, and percent; and geometry and measurement. Results indicate significant differences (favoring males) in three of the content areas: numeration and number systems; decimals, currency and percent; and geometry and measurement. A significant sex by ability effect was found only for geometry and measurement. Females performed better than males for low ability students; males performed better than females for high ability students. Sex by grade effect was not demonstrated to be significant for any of the six areas. These results are consistent with research findings indicating that when sex differences are found they favor males. (JN)
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Decimal Fractions, Elementary Education, Elementary School Mathematics, Equations (Mathematics), Fractions, Geometry, Inequality (Mathematics), Instructional Program Divisions, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Education, Measurement, Number Systems, Sex Differences, Whole Numbers
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Mathematics Education Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (67th, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, April, 1983).