ERIC Number: ED245616
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Research on Journalism as Work: Implications for Education. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper.
Lowther, Malcolm A.
Selected findings drawn from research studies on journalism and work are discussed. The social science research methodologies employed by Herbert J. Gans and Stephen Hess are described with attention to story selection and general reporters and beat reporters. Selected journalistic research in the fields of science, business, and education are also examined. Gans used field work or participant-observation methods to study how journalists with four organizations selected and reported news, and why they chose their topics. Hess developed a questionnaire that he administered to a sample of Washington reporters to determine stories written daily, who initiated them, and who was interviewed. He also analyzed news stories. It is noted that more research has been directed to journalistic science reporting. Findings of the most important studies are briefly reviewed. Studies focusing on whether the news media have an anti-business bias are also reviewed. Lastly, findings of Gerbner's research on the views of education editors or writers are reported. It is concluded that the relationships between journalistic activity and higher education is relatively unstudied, including the question of how the media shapes public opinion concerning higher education. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Chicago, IL, March 12-14, 1984).