ERIC Number: ED245609
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Professional Specialization and General Education: Organizational and Professional Realities. ASHE 1984 Annual Meeting Paper.
Four manifestations of organizational and professional segmentalism are discussed: the influence of the graduate school and the resulting preeminence of professional specialization; faculty orientation toward the discipline (and the department) rather than the institution; overspecialization in undergraduate degree programs; and faculty reward systems that reinforce the dominance of professional specialization over general education. It is suggested that general education and core curricula have been the areas influenced most by the professionalism of professors. It is claimed that faculty members who teach undergraduates are distracted from teaching by the demand of research and publication necessary for professional advancement and tenure. Furthermore, the training for a Ph.D. is tightly restricted to isolating and competitive research concerns. Few graduate schools offer any instruction in university teaching. It is concluded that deprofessionalization of university faculty is not a sensible option, since the production and utilization of knowledge, public belief, and academic freedom and autonomy are essential. The challenge for universities is to overcome the segmentalism of professional specialization. (SW)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ASHE Annual Meeting
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education (Chicago, IL, March 12-14, 1984).