ERIC Number: ED245505
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Aug-15
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Primary and Secondary Memory Processes and Remediation of Potential Deficiencies in Learning Disabled and Normal Children. Final Report.
Cavalier, Albert R.
The study analyzed short-and long-term memory processes in learning disabled (LD) children and compared them with normally achieving peers. Research on memory processes in LD children is reviewed and methodological limitations noted. Thirty-six normal and 36 LD Ss (8-11 years old) were asked to remember consonant trigams using one of three encoding strategies (study, vocalization, and elaboration). Findings revealed that, overall, LD Ss recalled significantly fewer consonants than normal Ss. There were no significant differences in recall among encoding strategies. LD Ss also exhibited a significantly faster rate of forgetting and lower asymptotic level of recall. Contrary to expectations, LD Ss were at least actively involved in maintaining the information. Speculations are offered for the reason for LD Ss' slower rate of processing and greater interference. Educational implications, including training acquisition and retrieval strategies that can be quickly executed, are noted. (CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Alabama Univ., University. Dept. of Psychology.