ERIC Number: ED245115
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Selecting Young Workers: The Influence of Applicants' Education and Skills on Employability Assessments by Employers. Executive Summary.
Hollenbeck, Kevin; Smith, Bruce
A study analyzed the explicit and implicit behavior of employers in their assessment of young job applicants for entry-level clerical, retail trade, and machine trade jobs. In order to determine the influence of applicants' education and skills on employability assessments made by employers, the researchers analyzed data from almost 600 mail questionnaires that were returned by employers from across the nation. In general, employers tended to give preference to participants in relevant cooperative or experiential educational programs. Although part-time employment during school months appeared to confer a slight advantage to entry-level job applicants in the fields examined, data indicated that if part-time work during the school year jeopardized grades, it was not as advantageous from an employability perspective as was work during summers. As expected, employers preferred that job applicants have a high school diploma. In certain instances, however, work experience had certain advantages over school completion. To the extent that the researchers were able to control other variables, the personal characteristics of the application reviewer did appear to influence significantly the employability index assigned to an applicant. Based on these data, the researchers cautioned school administrators and policymakers to be aware of the emphasis that employers place on grades and to provide students with job search skills and some awareness of management principles. (Appended to this report are the survey instrument and survey response frequencies.) (MN)
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, Educational Background, Educational Benefits, Educational Status Comparison, Employer Attitudes, Employment Potential, Employment Qualifications, Entry Workers, Experiential Learning, Influences, Job Applicants, Job Performance, Job Skills, National Surveys, Personnel Policy, Personnel Selection, Questionnaires, Relevance (Education), Secondary Education, Work Experience, Youth
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. National Center for Research in Vocational Education.
Identifiers: Employer Surveys
Note: For the final report, see CE 039 156.