ERIC Number: ED245008
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Importance of Goals to Effective Schools and Minority Groups.
Sullivan, Keith C.
This paper analyzes the importance of goals for the development of effective schools in general and for minority groups in particular. The first part of the paper reports on a study of the preferred goals of four minority groups in Nova Scotia and how they compared with the goals of the province's Department of Education. The study found that (1) the minorities did not have agreed upon goals, and (2) the provincial Department of Education did not follow its own stated goals. The second part of the paper deals with the importance of goal setting to motivation, leadership, and values. First, it is stated, Goal Theory assumes that people are motivated to work toward a goal and that the harder the goal, the more energy is expended. Second, the Path Goal Theory of Leadership is said to support directive leadership when tasks are ambiguous and unclear. Since, the paper continues, the development of an effective minority education fits this description, and goals are a major component of directive leadership, the clarification of goals is important to minority groups. Finally, goals clarify values. Thus, if the values of the school are not clear and related to the curriculum, and the minority groups do not know their own values, the probability of fruitful discussion between school and minority groups is slight. (CMG)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Goal Setting; Nova Scotia
Note: Paper prepared for the annual conference of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 1984).