ERIC Number: ED244980
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Local and National Testing in the UK: The Last Ten Years.
Gipps, Caroline; Goldstein, Harvey
New developments in testing in the United Kingdom (UK) since 1965 are described. Standardized testing at the local level declined dramatically with the widespread introduction of comprehensive secondary education. However, in the late 1970's widespread local testing programs were re-introduced for the purposes of monitoring student progress, screening students to identify those in need of special help, or providing information for transfer from junior to senior school. A national testing program, the Assessment of Performance Unit (APU), was established in 1974. It is designed to assess achievement in language, math, science, and modern language. The emphasis of the APU has shifted away from its original purpose of providing information relevant to policy making and resource allocation toward providing detailed information to guide teaching practice. In the UK, there are also two types of public examination: the General Certificate of Education Ordinary Level (at age 16) and Advanced Level (at 18), and the Certificate of Secondary Education (at 16) for the less academic student. These examinations are set by various examination boards, and with such a diverse system, there are questions over comparability and confusion over whether the grades awarded are norm-referenced or criterion-referenced. (BW)
Descriptors: Academic Standards, College Entrance Examinations, Educational Assessment, Educational Testing, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Handicap Identification, Instructional Improvement, National Programs, School Districts, Screening Tests, Test Interpretation, Testing Problems, Testing Programs
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Assessment of Performance Unit (United Kingdom); United Kingdom
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).