ERIC Number: ED244850
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Family Size Preferences in Europe and USA: Ultimate Expected Number of Children. Comparative Studies Number 26: ECE Analyses of Surveys in Europe and USA.
This survey analysis compares fertility levels in the United States and European countries, discusses socioeconomic influences in ultimate expected family size, and examines birth rate trends. The average number of ultimately expected children varies from 2.13 children per woman in Bulgaria to 2.80 in Spain. Eighty to 90 percent of U.S. and European women want one, two, or three children. The wife's age at marriage is strongly associated with ultimate family size. Rural residents show somewhat higher fertility than urban residents. The impact of the wife's education on fertility appears somewhat stronger than that of the husband. Religion plays an important role in determining family size. Total family income is negatively associated with fertility in Bulgaria, France, Poland, and the United States, but no clear pattern of association emerges for other countries. Outside eastern Europe, the ultimate expected family size goes up with the size of the dwelling. The wife's gainful employment has played a decisive role in the post-war decline of fertility in Europe. There are no signs among recently married couples of ultimate family size increasing. (RM)
Descriptors: Age, Birth Rate, Comparative Analysis, Demography, Economic Factors, Employed Women, Family Income, Family Size, Females, Housing, Mother Attitudes, Population Growth, Population Trends, Religious Factors, Residential Patterns, Rural Urban Differences, Socioeconomic Influences, Trend Analysis, Womens Education
International Statistical Institute, 428 Prinses Beatrixlaan, P.O. Box 950, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands (free).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: United Nations Fund for Population Activities, New York, NY.; Agency for International Development (IDCA), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: World Fertility Survey, London (England).; International Statistical Inst., Voorburg (Netherlands).
Identifiers: Europe; United States
Note: For a report on family size preferences in developing countries, see ED 222 401.