ERIC Number: ED244760
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Education and Social Hierarchies in Rural Jordan.
Layne, Linda L.
A field study conducted in the east Jordan Valley (September 1981-August 1983) explored the role of formal education in the maintenance of sex-gender hierarchy and other social heirarchies. Two rural secondary schools were studied, one for boys and one for girls, both attended by members of several different social/ethnic groups who consider themselves Jordanian bedouin. Curricula in both schools were similar, as all students must take the "tawjihi" state examination. Girls also had two hours of study equivalent to home economics, and were more closely supervised than boys, because of the traditional Islamic concern with protecting women's honor. In the schools studied, 56% of the girls passed their tawjihi exam, and 43% of the boys, reflecting scores in Jordan as a whole. Although social expectations were different for boys and girls, similar importance was given to daughters' and sons' success on the examination, perhaps because Islam traditionally emphasizes learning for women as well as men. Although nearly half the students in Jordan's elementary/secondary schools and teacher training colleges in 1981 were female, percentages were lower at university and postgraduate levels, probably because Jordan's emphasis on women's education began relatively recently. (MH)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Educational Attitudes, Equal Education, Ethnic Bias, Ethnic Groups, Females, Foreign Countries, Islamic Culture, Literacy, Males, Rural Education, Rural Schools, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Secondary Schools, Sex Bias, Sex Differences, Sex Role, Single Sex Schools, Standardized Tests, Student Attitudes, Vertical Organization
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Bedouins; Jordan
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Anthropological Association (Chicago, IL, November, 1984).