ERIC Number: ED244719
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Two Dimensions of Parental Warmth.
Burton, Roger V.
A series of three studies investigating affective warmth was conducted. For the purpose of investigation, this quality was conceived as (1) a long term pattern of parental attention and responsiveness with positive affective tone (i.e., love), and (2) a reinforcer manipulated to shape behavior in the present. Each of the first two experiments involved approximately 60 mother/child pairs from white middle-class families. Children participating in the first study were 5 years of age; those in the second study were drawn from kindergarten, second-, and fourth-grade levels. In both experiments, the mothers' total warmth and their children's cheating/compliance were assessed. Treatments varied in terms of the conditions under which rules of a game were taught and the game was played. (Either children were taught the rules and played in the presence of their mother or mothers taught the rules to their child and children played alone.) Solitary behavior as well as interactions were observed, categorized, and recorded. In the third study, cross-cultural data at a societal level of analysis were employed to test conclusions derived from the results of the first two studies. It was concluded that findings generally supported the hypothesis that global measures of warmth should be divided into at least two dimensions: one reflecting the parent/child relationship over time and the other reflecting an immediate resource parents use to shape their children's behavior. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (54th, Philadelphia, PA, April 6-9, 1983).