ERIC Number: ED244703
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1980-Oct-6
Reference Count: 0
Presentation to the Chairman and Members [of the] Task Force [on] Employment Opportunities for the '80s.
Justesen, Henry E.
Problems in the Canadian system of vocational training are addressed in this presentation to a special parliamentary committee by the chief executive officer of Pacific Vocational Institute (PVI). After introductory remarks on the purposes and objectives of PVI, two approaches to occupational training in Canada are discussed. The Manpower Demand Model, which projects demand for workers and limits funding for vocational programs on the basis of these projections, is described as an inappropriate method for assessing workforce and training needs, as it is overburdened with a proliferation of non-training, control-oriented agencies; makes no allowances for the state of the provincial economy; and ignores factors such as technological change, increased job complexity, and rising labor costs. In contrast, the Open Access to Training Model would allow individuals the freedom to seek, and be admitted to, any form of occupational training, unimpeded. Following recommendations for dismantling the Manpower Development Model, the Canadian apprenticeship system is discussed in terms of its role in the Manpower Demand Model and its problems. Next, a historical overview of employment patterns in Canada highlights the heavy use of immigrants in skilled occupations; economic repercussions; and government contributions to the employment problems in the country. The establishment of a mean training level for funding purposes is suggested as a way of diminishing cyclical swings within the economy. Finally, a series of recommendations for addressing Canada's socioeconomic problems and training needs is presented. (HB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented to the Parliamentary Committee Task Force on Employment Opportunities for the 80's, House of Commons (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, October 6, 1980).