ERIC Number: ED244438
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Pre-Referral Interventions: Effects on Referral Rates and Teacher Attitudes.
Graden, Janet L.; And Others
A prereferral intervention system was implemented in three schools (two elementary, one junior high) in which consultation, observation, and intervention occurred before a student entered the typical referral-for-assessment phase. A survey assessing teachers' beliefs about special services and teachers' expectations and preferences about the referral-to-placement process was completed in the fall and spring of the school year to assess the extent to which changes took place as a result of the preferral system. Additionally, the effect on referral, testing, and place rates was monitored. Results indicating changes in attitudes concurrent with changes in referral-to-placement rates are reported and school system factors affecting a prereferral system (including internal impetus for altered practices and strong administrative support) are noted. Constraints to a prereferral intervention system included resistance to implied role changes on the part of teachers and other personnel. (Author/CL)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Inst. for Research on Learning Disabilities.