ERIC Number: ED244243
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-May-2
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Structural Organizers on Ninth Grade Students' Comprehension and Recall of Four Patterns of Expository Text.
Slater, Wayne H.; And Others
A study examined whether (1) subjects' comprehension and recall of an expository passage would improve if they were given information about the organization of the passage before they read it, (2) the effects of being given such information would be similar across various hierarchical levels of the passage, and (3) the effects would be similar with differently organized passages. The subjects, 224 ninth grade students, were randomly assigned to one of four prereading treatments--structural organizer with outline grid, which consisted of information on the organization of the passage and a skeleton outline depicting the passage organization; structural organizer without outline grid; control condition with notetaking; and control condition without notetaking. Target passages were organized with adversative, attribution, covariance, or response organizational patterns. Results indicated that the structural organizer with outline grid reliably and markedly facilitated subjects' comprehension and recall, that notetaking alone reliably and markedly facilitated comprehension and recall, and that the structural organizer without outline grid reliably facilitated comprehension but not recall. Additional findings were that the effect was similar across the four organizational patterns and across various hierarchical levels of the passages. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Structural Organizers; Text Structure
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).