ERIC Number: ED244044
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar-2
Reference Count: 0
The Hmong and Mien: Beyond ESOL Training Programs.
Pon, Ernest M.
There is a need to go beyond English as a Second Language training for the Hmong and Mien living in the United States. Although the two groups are generally lumped together with other Southeast Asian refugee groups, they exhibit cultural and political differences which must be recognized by agencies serving them. The Hmong and Mien refugees lived in the mountains of Laos and are unfamiliar with 20th century technology. Their skills are as farmers, blacksmiths, or soldiers. They do not understand Western medical practices or the basis of a cash economy. Modern conveniences such as stoves, ovens, and refrigerators were unknown to them before they arrived here. If they are to adjust to the American life style, they need help not only with the language but also with basic skills such as home management, consumer dealings, health care practices, and vocational training. California's Competency Based Adult Education Program, which includes life skills training in its English curriculum, is a step in the right direction. So are culturally sensitive organizations such as the Lao Family Community and the Fixed Income Consumer Council in the Sacramento area, both of which assist this country's newest residents in adjusting to the American way of life. (CMG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Hmong People; Mien People
Note: Paper presented at the annual Conference on Ethnic and Minority Studies, "Ethnicity: 1984 and Beyond," sponsored by the National Association for Interdisciplinary Ethnic Studies, Inc. (Kansas City, Missouri, March 2, 1984).