ERIC Number: ED244042
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984
Reference Count: 0
A Study of Student Perceptions and Needs during Year Two of Court Ordered Busing.
Heid, Camilla A.
In order to assess student perceptions and needs regarding school climate in the newly desegregated Marion County, Indiana, schools in 1983, a questionnaire was administered to a random sample of students. The sample included 10 percent of the white students (residents of the suburban areas in which the schools were located) and 30 percent of the black students (non-residents, who were bused to the suburban schools) attending the desegregated schools. The questionnaire, which had 104 items and a binary (yes-no) response format, addressed the following concerns: student interaction; school environment; teacher/student interaction; school discipline; parental concern for school; and distance/transportation. Response data from 1983 were compared to similar data from the previous school year. Therefore, the chi-square test of significance using planned multiple comparisons, factor analysis, and regression analysis were the statistical procedures employed. Twenty-four separate findings and conclusions resulted. In general, it was found that black and white students interacted well and made friends with each other, although same-race interaction was more frequent. Both groups perceived that their parents and teachers were concerned with their growth; black students, however, felt relatively less "wanted" in their schools. There was less understanding in 1983 than in 1982 regarding why students were transferred for desegregation. Black and white students had similar perceptions regarding self concept, the importance of school, and absence of punishment if their buses were late. Racial differences were noted in responses regarding perceived adequacy of numbers of black teachers, equal treatment by teachers, whether black or white students fought more, parental approval of busing for desegregation, and music played at school. (GC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Indiana (Marion County)
Note: Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 23-27, 1984).