ERIC Number: ED244020
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Studying Urban History through Oral History and Q Methodology: A Comparative Analysis.
Jimenez, Rebecca S.
Oral history and Q methodology (a social science technique designed to document objectively and numerically the reactions of individuals to selected issues) were used to investigate urban renewal in Waco, Texas. Nineteen persons directly involved in the city's relocation and rehabilitation projects granted interviews. From these oral histories, 70 statements were selected as most representative of the various points of view and were then used in a Q sorting procedure in which 16 of the interviewees took part. At first sight, the interviews seemed to reveal several distinct groups of citizens: employees of urban renewal, civic leaders, positive-thinking relocatees, dissatisfied and harshly critical relocatees, disillusioned community leaders, and one grateful owner of a rehabilitated home. These citizen groupings, however, did not endure under the computer analysis of the Q methodology. The Q sort factors revealed one favorable factor and one extremely favorable factor. Both factors agreed that urban renewal was beneficial to Waco, presenting a more positive picture of urban renewal than evidenced in the oral history interviews. From the results of the Q sort it appears that several of those who in their interviews voiced opposition to urban renewal did not share enough of their opinions to form a third factor. In general, both oral history and Q methodology demonstrated that the majority of citizens interviewed were very pleased with urban renewal in Waco, Texas. (CMG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Texas (Waco)
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Social Science Association (62nd, Fort Worth, TX, March 1984).