ERIC Number: ED243998
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Issues for an Evaluation of Freire-Inspired Programs in the United States and Puerto Rico.
Paulo Freire is a Brazilian educator whose theories link educational processes with revolutionary political aims. This report describes attempts by predominantly Latino proponents of his theories to develop "liberating education" (educacion liberadora) in the United States and in Puerto Rico. Section 1 describes the national, political, and religious context in which Freire developed his theories. Section 2 analyzes the ways in which his philosophy has been romanticized by radicals in the United States to justify Third World revolutionary tactics. Section 3 describes efforts by liberating educators to utilize Freire's theories against racism and exploitation, and discusses Alvin Gouldner's theory of the emerging "cultural bourgeoisie." Section 4 summarizes activities of liberating education practitioners in the United States from 1978-83, including a federally funded project to start an Information and Resources Center for Educacion Liberadora (IRCEL). Section 5 is an account of specific problems encountered by these practitioners, and of the theories of two non-Latino proponents of "liberating education." Section 6 addresses the problem of evaluations required by funding sources and their relationship to ontology and epistemology. The impact of the "new physics" and the transformational movement on proponents of Freire's theories is also considered. Section 7 describes Freire's attempts to develop a literacy campaign in Guinea-Bissau. Finally, section 8 summarizes the content of the report and concludes that it may not be possible to apply Freire's philosophy of the principles of liberating education. A bibliography is attached, and notes follow each chapter. (CJM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Latino Inst., Reston, VA.
Identifiers: Brazil; Freire (Paulo); Puerto Rico; United States