ERIC Number: ED243950
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Computer-Presented Organizational/Memory Aids on Problem Solving Behavior.
Steinberg, Esther R.; And Others
This research studied the effects of computer-presented organizational/memory aids on problem solving behavior. The aids were either matrix or verbal charts shown on the display screen next to the problem. The 104 college student subjects were randomly assigned to one of the four conditions: type of chart (matrix or verbal chart) and use of charts (optional or required). Students did eight problems in each of two sessions--an initial task and a transfer task. All subjects used the charts in the initial task and most did so in the transfer task. Matrix charts were perceived to be more useful than verbal charts although group performance scores were not significantly different. The higher the score, the greater the probability that the chart was used. Performance scores on the transfer task improved significantly for students in optional conditions who were not at ceiling performance on the initial task. Subjects at different performance levels demonstrated knowledge of different strategies. (Author)
Descriptors: Charts, Computer Assisted Instruction, Display Aids, Higher Education, Learning Activities, Memory, Problem Solving, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology)
Esther A. Steinberg, University of Illinois, 103 So. Matthews, Urbana, IL 61801.
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Memory Tasks; Organizing Strategies; Transfer Effect
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (68th, New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).