ERIC Number: ED243605
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Quality of Care in Creches for Disadvantaged Children: A Brazilian Case Study.
Ferreira, M. C. Rossetti; And Others
A study was conducted to critically assess the developmental conditions of 187 children (ages 1 month to 6 years) in eight creches (day nurseries) located in and around Ribeirao Preto, Brazil. Data were collected through informal interviews of day care staff and from 20 hours of direct observations of day care units. Findings indicated inadequate physical structures, lack of structured activities, untrained staff, and poor caretaker/child ratios. Six creches had poorly qualified and underpaid teachers who supervised organized "school-like" activities for the older groups. Language development seemed inhibited in younger children, but older children were more verbal. Nutritional data indicated a significant excess of children with low height for age, a fact suggesting past malnutrition. Physical and mental development data were incomplete, but there were no apparent behavioral disturbances in spite of deprived conditions. It was emphasized that children learned to be passive, obedient, and helpless and had greater chances of developing negative self-concepts. (BJD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Brazil (Sao Paulo); Caregiver Child Ratio; Creches
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development (7th, Munich, West Germany, July 31-August 4, 1983). Photographs may not reproduce well.