ERIC Number: ED243426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Foundations of Naturalistic Inquiry: Developing a Theory Base for Understanding Individual Interpretations of Reality. Research and Theory Division Symposium: Naturalistic Methodologies for Deriving Individual Meanings from Visuals.
Koetting, J. Randall
This symposium paper looks at three paradigms for naturalistic research on visuals: the positivistic, the interpretive, and the critical approaches. Discussion centers on questions of epistemology, such as "What do you mean?" and "How do you know?" The place of naturalistic inquiry within this discussion is indicated, and differences between paradigms are identified. For the positivistic and interpretive paradigms, the description covers their ontology (nature of reality), subject-object relationship, purpose of inquiry (generalization), explanation-causality, and axiology (the role of values in inquiry). The viewpoints described for the positivistic paradigm hold for the critical paradigm. Elements of Freire's theory of knowledge are discussed that are also identified as the basic elements that ground the interpretive and critical approaches to social and educational research: world-views, subjectivism, abstraction, codification, decodification, distancing, agency, problem-posing, learning, holistic viewpoint, and the social dimension. Sixteen references are listed. (LMM)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Freire (Paulo); Naturalistic Research
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Dallas, TX, January 20-24, 1984). For proceedings, see IR 011 020.