ERIC Number: ED243206
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-23
Reference Count: 0
The Cultural Context of Administration.
Ortiz, Flora Ida
To explicate the relevance of cultural context to educational administration practices, this paper contrasts United States cultural attitudes and administrative practices with those of Latin America. Drawing on Leslie A. White's definition of culture, the author presents the Weberian model of administration as exemplary for the United States, reproduces M. K. Whyte's outline of contrasts and similarities between Western and Maoist conceptions of organizations, and contrasts the United States' high status, dependent perspective with the low status, dependent perspective of Latin America. Subsequent sections compare the cultural context of administration in Latin American countries to flea markets, which appear and disappear in random or loosely structured patterns, have varied lifespans, and emphasize interpersonal transactions over efficiency. Latin Americans, the author claims, value planning, organizing time, and workflow charts less highly than interpersonal relationships. The author concludes by arguing that as United States consultants decrease their personal interactions with Latin Americans they will be expected to provide "bargains" in the form of increased allocations of material goods that run contrary to the intent of self-help programs. (JBM)
Descriptors: Administration, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Cultural Interrelationships, Cultural Traits, Developed Nations, Developing Nations, Educational Administration, International Educational Exchange, International Relations, Social Characteristics, Social Values
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Latin America; United States
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, April 23-27, 1984).