ERIC Number: ED243163
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Mar
Reference Count: 0
An Examination of Biological and Psychological Gender Differences in Trait Argumentativeness.
Rancer, Andrew S.; Dierks-Stewart, Kathi J.
To examine the influence that biological sex and psychological gender have on trait argumentativeness, 219 subjects were asked to complete the Argumentativeness Scale and the Revised Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Subjects were classified according to sex and gender, and two-way analysis of variance was conducted. Additionally, discriminate analysis was conducted to investigate how psychological gender discriminated among individuals on the tendency to approach and avoid arguments. Results of the analysis of variance indicated that males and females did not differ significantly on trait argumentativeness, but that individuals classified by psychological gender, regardless of biological sex, did differ significantly. Subjects classified as instrumental/leaders were significantly higher in trait argumentativeness than subjects identified as expressive, androgynous, or undifferentiated. Discriminate analysis revealed that expressive and undifferentiated individuals tended to avoid argumentative situations while instrumental/leaders and androgynous individuals did not. Argumentativeness avoidance tendencies were most pronounced in the expressive and least pronounced in the instrumental/leader identities. (Tables of results are appended.) (Author/MM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Argumentativeness; Psychological Gender
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Communication Association (75th, Philadelphia, PA, March 8-11, 1984).