ERIC Number: ED243106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Writing for Learning: Practical Application of Research Findings.
McLean, James I.
Concerned with improving text readability in the content areas, this report first draws upon Linda Flower's writing steps and strategies in its description of writing as moving from planning to generating ideas in words, designing for a reader, and editing for effectiveness. It also presents nine more precise steps in the writing process along with strategies designed to complete these steps successfully. The steps it lists are (1) exploring the rhetorical problem, (2) making a plan, (3) using creative thinking, (4) organizing ideas, (5) Knowing the reader's needs, (6) creating reader-based prose, (7) reviewing the paper and its purpose, (8) testing and editing the writing, and (9) editing for connections and coherence. To explore factors contributing to text readability, the report then discusses questions from J. W. Irwin's and C. A. Davis's checklist on what can safely be assumed about students' vocabulary skills, prior knowledge, and general experiential background; on the introduction of new concepts and main ideas in texts; and on appropriate levels of sentence complexity. After briefly mentioning both relational mapping--another strategy to improve text comprehensibility--and the influence of student motivation on readability evaluations, the report concludes with a series of diagrams illustrating levels of readability. (MM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Invention (Rhetorical); Theory Practice Relationship
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (Dallas, TX, January 20-24, 1984). An earlier version of this paper was presented at the National Adult Education Conference (Philadelphia, PA, October 22-25, 1983).