ERIC Number: ED243052
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Autonomy and Togetherness in Close Relationships: A Study of Seven Nations.
Buunk, Bram; Hupka, Ralph B.
The necessity of balancing the need for togetherness and the need for separateness in intimate relationships has been well documented in family research. To investigate cross national differences in the value placed on autonomy versus togetherness in close relationships, 2,079 college students from Hungary, Ireland, Mexico, the Netherlands, the Soviet Union, the United States, and Yugoslavia completed a questionnaire on intimate relationships. An analysis of the results showed that college students in the Communist countries (Soviet Union, Hungary, Yugoslavia) emphasized togetherness and rejected too much autonomy in relationships, while college students in the Western democratic countries (United States, Ireland, the Netherlands) emphasized autonomy, particularly in separate friendships and hobbies. Across all countries, an emphasis on autonomy correlated positively with the gross national product per capita and with the level of democracy. In the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, men put more emphasis on autonomy and less on togetherness than women, while this pattern was reversed in the United States and the Netherlands. The higher the gross national product per capita of a nation, the less women valued dependence and togetherness relative to the males in that society. In all nations, females were more accepting of the autonomous behavior of their partners than vice versa. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Netherlands Inst. for the Advancement of Pure Research, The Hague.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Gross National Product; Togetherness
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (St. Paul, MN, October 11-15, 1983).