ERIC Number: ED243030
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Father Involvement: Attitudinal and Personality Correlates for College Women.
Makosky, Vivian Parker; Roeding, Ginna M.
Although parental effects on the personality development of children have been well examined, fathers' influence and effects on older children have received little attention. To investigate fathers' involvement in the attitude and personality development of college women, 333 women, ages 18 to 23, completed a three-part questionnaire gathering information on demographics, parent-child interactions, and one of four scales measuring: marriage role expectations and attitudes, sex role orientation, personality development, or career desirability and commitment. Parent-child interactions were assessed on the Parent-Child Interaction Rating Scale (PCIS) and the Parent-Child Activity Rating Scale (PCAR). An analysis of the results showed that 91 percent of the subjects grew up in two parent families. The reported frequency of activities with parents was correlated with reported parental relationships with fathers. For middle class women, fathers' nurturance and activities correlated with achievement, adjustment, and affiliation; father-daughter activities correlated with dominance, nurturance, and succorance. Neither the PCIS nor the PCAR correlated with attitudes toward careers or marriage and family roles. Reported activities with mothers and wanting egalitarian homemaking responsibilities were positively correlated for lower class women. Father nurturance and career salience negatively correlated for higher class women. Correlations between sex role orientation and father involvement were unclear, while achievement was somewhat more related to father involvement than to mother involvement. The findings indicate that the relationships between parental nurturance and activities may be related to social class. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented as part of the symposium "Contemporary Issues and Prospectives on Fathering" at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).