ERIC Number: ED243003
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov-20
Reference Count: 0
Age and the Commitment to Work.
Hanlon, Martin D.
Although age and work commitment have been correlated positively in previous studies, the studies have not clearly defined whether it is age per se or the correlates of age (job tenure, length of service) which account for the commitment. To investigate the relationship between age and various indicators of commitment to work (job involvement, work role, noneconomic orientation to work, and work effort) among a nationally representative sample of the adult working population in the United States, data from 1,311 nonfarm wage and salarly employees from the 1977 Quality of Employment Survey, were analyzed. Dimensions of work commitment and the predictor variables of sex, job tenure, income, education, age, and occupational prestige were considered. The results showed that older workers were indeed more committed to their jobs than were their younger counterparts, although the differences between age groups were small. However, within the multivariate framework, age had little independent effect on work commitment. For work role involvement, older workers below retirement age scored significantly lower than younger workers. Workers beyond retirement age scored relatively high on work role involvement, suggesting that this group of workers was highly motivated. Both job satisfaction and occupational prestige were strong predictors of work commitment. The data suggest that those who view increased work commitment as a policy goal should focus on a means to improve job satisfaction. (Author/BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Commitment; Job Involvement
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (36th, San Francisco, CA, November 17-22, 1983).