ERIC Number: ED242996
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Psychosocial Factors Associated with Depression in Urban Adolescent Females: Implications for Assessment.
Gibbs, Jewelle Taylor
Despite an increased interest in adolescent depression from theoretical and clinical perspectives, there have been few attempts to investigate depression in non-clinical populations. To identify demographic, sociocultural, and behavioral factors related to adolescent depression in a non-clinical population of urban adolescent females, a racially and socioeconomically heterogeneous sample of 116 girls was recruited from San Francisco public high schools. The subjects completed the Beck Depression Inventory, the Mooney Problem Check List, the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (female form) and an adolescent biographical questionnaire. Results showed that 23 percent of the respondents were moderately to severely depressed, and 39 percent reported occasional suicide ideations. Level of depression was found to be significantly related to mother's occupation (if low status), geographical mobility (four or more moves), and number of self-reported problems. Age, race, religion, parental marital status, father's occupation, and number of siblings were not significantly related to depression level. The number of problems reported on the Mooney Problem Check List was much higher than is usually reported in high school samples. Subjects reported the highest mean number of problems on the following scales: finances, living conditions and employment, adjustment to school/work, the future, personal-pscyhological relations, and home and family. Lowest mean number of problems was associated with social and recreational activities, health and physical development, and courtship, sex and marriage. (JAC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Beck Depression Inventory; Mooney Problem Check List; Offer Self Image Questionnaire
Note: Revision of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (63rd, San Francisco, CA, April 16-20, 1983).