ERIC Number: ED242652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr-11
Reference Count: 0
A Brief Review of Black Cowboys in the Territory of Arizona.
Holmes, Edward, Jr.
Designed to aid K-12 teachers in preparing a unit on the West, this paper summarizes the role of black cowboys in the Arizona territory and provides strategies and resources on teaching the subject. Section 1, an introduction, contains a list of unit objectives and discussion of instructional methods and techniques. Sections 2 through 8 contain content information on black cowboys, frontier hierarchy, frontier discrimination, and the black cowboy in fiction. Of 35,000 men who went up the Chisolm Trail between 1865 and 1895, at least 5,000 were black. In the Arizona Territory, one quarter of the cowboys were reported to be black. While blacks rarely rose to the position of ranch foreman or trail boss in the frontier hierarchy, they often held the position of trail cook, bronco buster, roper, and top hand. Other positions held by blacks included hands, wranglers, and wranglers' assistants. Among the famous black cowboys were Nat Love, known in popular fiction as "Deadwood Dick," Isom Dart, and Crawford Goldsby. A 10-page bibliography contains a selection of media resources, books, and local historical associations. Numerous photographs and maps illustrate the text. (LP)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Arizona; Cowboys; Frontier History
Note: Paper presented at the Rocky Mountain Regional Social Studies Conference (Phoenix, AZ, April 11-14, 1984). Photographs may not reproduce clearly.