ERIC Number: ED242623
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1982-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Differential Role Models and the College Woman's Choice of Major.
Getz, Suzanne Kasper
A two-part study investigated female college students' preferences for stereotyped or nonstereotyped role models and the relationship of such preferences to the choice of traditional versus nontraditional careers. A total of 211 women students from a mid-Atlantic state university (all the enrolled women) as well as a stratified-by-college subsample of 45 male students responded to an interview on exposure to and preference for a variety of childhood hero figures from literature, history, media, and personal acquaintance. Questions contained fixed responses of two female choices (representing stereotyped and nonstereotyped roles) and two male choices. Results were analyzed for exposure to as well as preference for role models, and comparison was made between the following subgroups: males choosing traditional majors, women choosing nontraditional majors, women choosing traditional majors, and males choosing nontraditional majors. Findings indicate that, despite the level of exposure, preferences predictably follow along sex appropriate and role appropriate lines. Greatest similarity in exposure and preference was noted between subgroups of men, followed by subgroups of women. The greatest variability was between all men and all women. Results imply that evaluation of appropriate behavior is a value judgment conveyed through socialization. Interview instruments and study data are contained in appendices. (LP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the National Women's Studies Association Conference (Arcata, CA, June 1982).