ERIC Number: ED241920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug-7
Reference Count: 0
The Origins of Journalism Education: A Cross-National Perspective.
Altschull, J. Herbert
Differences in journalism education across the world reflect differences in political, economic, and social environments. Journalism education in the United States, which began in the age of progressivism and reflected the values of the time, has emphasized the press's objectivity and independence, an independence built on its reliance on advertising rather than on political or governmental funding. The stress on practical training so evident in U. S. journalism schools is only beginning to be found in Western Europe, largely because of European papers' traditional concern with political ideology. Reflecting Leninist principles and supported by the government or the Communist Party, the Soviet press seeks to inform, teach, and motivate others to action. Due to its training courses and its reputation for unbiased reporting, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has had a lasting influence on journalism education in Asia and Africa. The United States has provided Third World nations with a model for journalism education and has impressed students from those countries with the technical quality of its broadcasting. Advancing nations protest, however, against the cultural penetration of western programing. Unwilling to be influenced simply by American or Soviet beliefs, Third World countries endorse objectivity, fairness, and balance in journalism, yet see the press as a partner with the government in organizing public thinking. (MM)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Journalism History; Media Role
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (66th, Corvallis, OR, August 6-9, 1983).