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ERIC Number: ED241873
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Parent-Adolescent Interaction in Family Context: Importance of Second-Order Effects.
Gjerde, Per F.
The marital relationship may have indirect, or second order socialization effects on the parent child relationship. To investigate the second order socialization effects in parent adolescent relatioships, 44 mostly white, middle-class families with a 13-year-old adolescent child were videotaped in three separate situations: adolescent with mother, with father, and with both parents. Parental behavior in these sessions was assessed by 18 judges using the Family Interaction Q Sort (Gjerde, Block and Block, 1981), which consists of 33 forced-choiced, implicative statements of parental socialization practices. An analysis of the results showed that mothers were more consistent and affective toward their adolescent child when the father was present. In the presence of the father, mothers had more influence and more control, and were more relaxed, spontaneous, and affectionate. Fathers were more involved with their adolescent child when the mother was absent. They were more equalitarian, protective, responsive, respectful, and likely to encourage individuality when interacting alone with their child. In dyadic settings fathers were more interested in having the child participate and give reasons for their decisions, and less likely to antagonize, exclude, and withdraw from the adolescent. When the mother was absent, fathers interacted in a less emotional manner and were less likely to do things their own way and to enforce directives. Although the findings indicate that parental behavior in dayds and trials differs it is unclear if this information is redundant or valuable predictive information. (BL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Second Order Effects
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (91st, Anaheim, CA, August 26-30, 1983).