ERIC Number: ED241859
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Children of Holocaust Survivors.
Segal, Shirley Ann
As a result of the Holocaust, many survivors developed long term psychosocial impairment known as the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), which is characterized by depression, anxiety, hypocondriasis, inability to concentrate or to express anger, nightmares, insomnia, obsessive thoughts, guilt, mistrust, and alienation. The literature in this area clearly documents that the effects of the Holocaust are transgenerational, i.e., due to an inability to individuate from their parents by adolescence, many children of Holocaust survivors begin to exhibit PTSD symptoms. Because these children are seen by their parents as symbols to compensate for all they lost in the Holocaust, and as their only links to the outside world, they are taught conformity, mistrust, shame, and guilt. As a result, they are unable to establish trust, the initial developmental task. Through group therapy with fellow survivors and their children, both parents and children can be helped to recognize their losses and to restore continuity, belonging, and rootedness to their lives. The knowledge gained from working with Holocaust survivors and their children can be used to help the children of survivors of other catastrophies. (BL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Counselors; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Holocaust; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Council on Family Relations (St. Paul, MN, October 11-15, 1983).