ERIC Number: ED241853
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual Differences and Their Relationship to Psychological Well-Being in Adolescence.
Armsden, Gay G.; Greenberg, Mark T.
The development and validation of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA), a self-report instrument for use with adolescents, is described. Item content of the instrument was suggested by Bowlby's theoretical formulations concerning the nature of feelings toward attachment figures. A hierarchical regression model was employed to investigate the association between quality of attachment and self-esteem, life-satisfaction and affective status. Respondents were 88 adolescents ranging in age from 17 to 20 years. As hypothesized, perceived quality of parent and peer attachments was significantly related to psychological well-being. Degree of negative life-change was independently related to well-being. An exploratory classification scheme was devised in order to categorize respondents according to the differential nature of their attachments. One secure and two anxious attachment groups were defined and compared on a number of variables theoretically expected to distinguish them. Adolescents classified as securely attached were superior in adjustment. The results also indicated that those adolescents characterized by anxious parent and peer attachment were more vulnerable to the deleterious impact of negative life-change on well-being. The study suggests the value of examining individual differences in quality of attachment during adolescence, as well as the importance of life-span approaches to the study of attachment. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (63rd, San Francisco, CA, April 6-10, 1983).