ERIC Number: ED241849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Jul
Reference Count: 0
Alcoholism: A Critique of the Tension Reduction Hypothesis Literature and the Reformulation of a Coping Model of Alcohol Consumption.
Although the Tension Reduction Hypothesis (TRH) of alcoholism has been the most popular explanation for alcohol abuse to date, the research addressing this model has provided tenuous support at best. In light of this contradictory support, a coping model of alcohol consumption is proposed. This model is based on the low self-image of alcoholic-prone subjects. Alcohol is hypothesized to serve as a palliative coping method of reducing the distress associated with stressful situations of a personal evaluative nature. This is thought to be accomplished via alcohol's ability to impair the processing of information regarding the self. Thus, behavior or performance in evaluative situations is no longer perceived as distressful since it is disassociated with self-image. This then negatively reinforces drinking behavior. Future implications of this model of alcoholism are discussed. (Author)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (63rd, San Francisco, CA, April 6-10, 1983).