ERIC Number: ED241743
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1984-Apr
Reference Count: 0
The Impacts of Automation on Employment, 1963-2000. Final Report.
Leontief, Wassily; Duchin, Faye
A study examined the actual and projected impact of automation on employment between 1963 and 2000. Utilizing a fully integrated, dynamic input-output model that was designed for this study, the researchers analyzed a large body of quantitative information from diverse, especially technical, sources. This effort resulted in the development of a detailed model of the probable effects of automation on the demand for labor services in 53 occupations. According to this model, the intensive use of automation over the next 20 years will make it possible to conserve about 10 percent of the labor that would have been required to produce the same bills of goods in the absence of increased automation. The impact of automation is specific to different types of work and will involve a significant increase in professionals as a proportion of the labor force and a steep decline in the relative number of clerical workers. Because the direct displacement of production workers by specific items of automated equipment will, at least in the initial stages, be offset by increased investment demand for capital goods, production workers can be expected to maintain their share of the labor force. (MN)
Descriptors: Automation, Economic Change, Economic Climate, Economic Factors, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns, Futures (of Society), Job Analysis, Job Simplification, Labor Force, Labor Market, Labor Needs, Labor Turnover, Labor Utilization, Productivity, Trend Analysis
Institute for Economic Analysis, New York University, 269 Mercer Street, 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10003 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Inst. for Economic Analysis.