ERIC Number: ED241596
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Nov-20
Reference Count: 0
Interviewer Effects on Responses of Younger and Older Respondents.
Rodgers, Willard; Herzog, Regula
Using data collected through telephone interviews with a national sample of adults, this study searched for evidence as to whether interviewers have stronger effects on the responses given to a wide range of questions by older people than on the responses of younger people. Responses to 30 items for which significant interviewer effects had earlier been reported were examined. Significant age-by-interviewer interactions were detected for eight of the 30 items. The set of eight items included both interviewer observations and the direct responses of interviewers, and, among the latter, responses to both open- and closed-ended questions. Older and younger respondents were examined separately to determine the nature of the age-by-interviewer interactions. No pattern was found for the interviewer observations, but for the direct responses to questions, the median interviewer effect was more than twice as strong for older respondents as for younger respondents. Based on all the evidence from this study, it appears that older respondents may be somewhat more susceptible to interviewer effects than younger respondents. (BW)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Interviewer Effects; Respondent Behavior
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society of America (San Francisco, CA, November 20, 1983).