ERIC Number: ED241415
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
The Fur Trade as an Environment for Education: Problems and Implications from Hudson Bay.
Brown, Jennifer S. H.
Fur trade settlements in North America were a fertile environment for cultural education. The fur trade became a network of closely linked social spheres in which individuals had to acquire competence in order to function and survive. The Hudson Bay Company's decision to plant permanent posts on the shores of the Hudson Bay put settlers and their Indian trading partners into a new and dynamic set of relationships. Learning curves rose sharply as each side adjusted to the other. For the Indians, the trading posts represented a new social order, new economic values and commodities, and strange religious influences. For the European traders, the posts meant adjustment to a new geographic environment, diplomatic demands, and a changed governmental organization. Longterm developments included increased economic awareness on the part of the Indians and a changed socioeconomic hierarchical structure for the Indians and the European settlers. Ultimately, European settlers and Indians intermarried, forming a new society which was a specialized intersection and mutual adaptation of white and native social spheres. (LP)
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), American Indians, Canada Natives, Cross Cultural Studies, Education, Educational Environment, Ethnic Groups, Ethnic Relations, Intercultural Communication, Intermarriage, Land Settlement, Local History, Social Change, Social History, Social Influences, Social Integration
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Canada; Fur Trade; Hudson Bay
Note: Paper presented at the Conference on the History of Education (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, October 14-16, 1983).