ERIC Number: ED241399
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Reference Count: 0
Assessing Ideology: The Influence of Fundamental Belief Systems on Social and Political Opinions.
Ryan, William; And Others
It was hypothesized that fundamental belief systems contribute to the development of political attitudes and opinions above and beyond adherence to so-called "liberalism" or "conservatism." A 20-item instrument was developed and administered to 63 college males and females to assess their underlying fundamental assumptions, overt adherence to meritocratic or antimeritocratic principles, and specific opinions on a number of public and social issues. There was a significant correlation between students' basic beliefs or ideologies and their adherence to meritocratic or antimeritocratic principles. The correlation between basic beliefs and political orientation was less strong, but still significant. There was no relationship between self-designated political orientation and the overall index of fundamental beliefs. Overall, the results indicated that how people think about human nature and human behavior may provide significant information about what types of social policies and programs they would like to see implemented. (RM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Conservatism; Equal Rights; Ideology; Liberalism; Meritocracy
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (54th, Philadelphia, PA, April, 1983). Broken type throughout.