ERIC Number: ED241364
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Processes of Prejudice and the Roots of Racism: A Socio-Cognitive Approach. Prepublication/Working Paper No. 3.
van Dijk, Teun A.
A cognitive theory about the representation and processing of ethnic attitudes is presented, and strategies people use to express ethnic attitudes in conversations are discussed. Recent developments in cognitive and social psychology and in microsociology have shown that ethnic prejudices or attitudes are both cognitive and social results of social information processing in intergroup relations. Ethnic prejudice, formulated in terms of attitude schemata about minority groups, can be categorically organized in terms of their major social functions: dominance, differentiation, distance, depersonalization, diffusion, diversion, and the various forms of daily discrimination. Ethnic groups are represented according to prototypical characteristics, e.g., origin, appearance, socio-economic position. There are many strategies which can be used to manipulate these cognitions, including irrelevant participant categorization, use of negative prototypical properties of minorities, favoritism in ambiguous situations of ingroup members, and negative information spreading. How everyday talk exemplifies many of these cognitive and social strategies of prejudice is shown. (RM)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Discourse Analysis, Ethnic Bias, Ethnic Discrimination, Ethnic Relations, Ethnic Stereotypes, Foreign Countries, Information Processing, Interaction Process Analysis, Intergroup Relations, Interviews, Minority Groups, Models, Racial Attitudes, Racial Bias, Social Behavior, Social Psychology, Social Theories, Socialization, Sociology
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Amsterdam Univ. (Netherlands).
Identifiers: Cognitive Psychology; Netherlands (Amsterdam)
Note: For related documents, see ED 229 296 and ED 231 689. This series of working papers was prepared for the Prejudice in Conversations about Ethnic Minorities in the Netherlands project, University of Amsterdam, 1981-1983. Sponsored by the Netherlands Organization for the Advancement of Pure Research (ZWO).