ERIC Number: ED241176
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Young Children's Use of Spatial Context in Memory.
Hazen, Nancy L.; Volk-Hudson, Suse
Two studies were conducted to determine whether preschool children automatically use spatial context to aid recall of objects or whether the ability to use spatial context as a retrieval aid is a deliberate mnemonic strategy that develops later. In the first experiment, a total of 32 children (16 aged 3 and 16 aged 4) participated in a memory task under three conditions varying in type of recall (free or cued) and in the presence or absence of spatial context. Spatial context was found to facilitate older children's recall of items. In the second experiment, the sample size was increased to 48. Children participated in a training procedure in which they labelled 13 large toy props that had stable spatial locations in a small playroom. After the subjects' play with the objects was recorded, the children were brought out of the room, and the objects were removed. Subjects were brought back to the room and were asked to recall the missing items under one of two conditions (with spatial context either present or absent). After the recall task, children were encouraged to find the missing items and to help return them to their original locations. Results indicated that the mean number of objects recalled was greater for both older and younger preschoolers when they recalled within the spatial context than when they did not. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: Spatial Context
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (San Francisco, CA, March 15-18, 1979).